Espresso is made by forcing steam through dark-roast aromatic coffee beans at high pressure, usually using an espresso machine. It should have thick golden brown foam layer called crema on top. It should be taken either as is or with a small spoon of sugar.
Following are some of the other ways/drinks that are made from espresso:
- Doppio (double) – Double espresso.
- Ristretto (shrunk or short) – More concentrated espresso (same coffee, less water.)
- Lungo (long) – Espresso made with more water.
- Caffe Americano – Similar to lungo, this is a single shot of expresso added to a cup of hot water. (The name originated as an insult to Americans who diluted their espresso.) It has since been perfected to become a rich creamy coffee.
- Macchiato (stained) – Espresso staine with steamed milk.
- Corretto (corrected) – Espresso with a touch of grappa, cognac, sambuca.
- Con Panna – Espresso topped with whipped cream.
- Caffe Freddo (iced espresso) – Chilled sweetened espresso sometimes on ice.
- Caffe Latte – Caffe Latte is a single shot of expresso to three parts steamed milk.
- Latte Macchiato (stained milk) – Steamed milk with a shot of espresso served in a tall glass.
- Cappuccino – A cappuccino is made of equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and froth milk. It can be sprinkled with grated chocolate or cocoa. Using skim milk makes it a skinny cappuccino.
- Cappuccino Scuro (dry or dark) – prepared with less milk
- Cappuccino Chiaro (wet or light) – prepared with more milk
- Cappuccino Freddo (iced cappuccino) – served over ice
- Skinny – made with skim milk
- Tall (double or grande) – a larger portion
- Cafe Mocha (Mochachino) – This is a cappuccino or caffe latte with chocolate syrup or power mixed in.
Thanks for the lesson Jody!